The reform of division of central and local fiscal powers start big power concept of ice — F-winavi

The reform of division of central and local fiscal powers start   "big power" concept of ice — financial — people.com.cn people.com.cn August 26 Beijing Xinhua (reporter Yang Di) recently, the State Council issued the "guiding opinions on promoting the central and local fiscal powers and expenditure responsibilities reform" (hereinafter referred to as the "opinions"), to promote the central and the local government powers and expenditure responsibilities of reform to make the overall deployment. This is the first systematic proposed in important documents on the right and expenditure responsibilities that the government public power angle vertical configuration to promote tax reform, is the current and future a period reasonable and normative division at all levels of government to provide basic public service duties, comprehensive guidance and programmatic document. What reform measures did the opinions put forward? Why should we start from the financial power to promote the division of powers reform? In this regard, the relevant person in charge of the Ministry of Finance interviewed reporters. The five major problems, namely, the division of the central government’s fiscal responsibility, the reform of the central and local powers and the division of expenditure responsibility, are the premise and basis for straightening out the intergovernmental fiscal relations, and the important aspect of promoting the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity. The third, fourth and fifth plenary session of the eighteen Central Committee of the Communist Party of China clearly put forward the establishment of responsibility and expenditure responsibility system, moderately strengthen the responsibility and responsibility of the central government, and promote the standardization and legalization of all levels of government power. From the process of the reform of fiscal powers and expenditure responsibilities to see, since the reform and opening up, the central and local fiscal relations experienced from a highly centralized unified revenue and expenditure to the phased implementation, responsibility system, to change the tax system in the financial system, the financial powers and expenditure responsibilities gradually clear, especially in 1994 the implementation of the the reform of the tax system, constructs a system framework of central and local powers and expenditure responsibilities of the socialist system China characteristics, laid a good foundation for the establishment of a modern financial system in china. However, it was restricted by some objective conditions at the time and in the process of implementation. The reform mainly focused on the division of revenue between the central and local governments, the division of powers and expenditure responsibilities, and mainly made some local adjustments on the basis of existing practices. The Ministry of Finance official said, in the new situation, the division of fiscal responsibility and expenditure responsibilities and promote the reform of fiscal and taxation and modernization of national governance requirements, more and more not suited. Mainly displays in: one is the orientation of government functions is not clear, some of this may be provided by market regulation and social affairs, finance takes too much, while some of the basic public services should be borne by the government, financial commitment is not enough; the two is the central and local fiscal powers and expenditure responsibilities are not reasonable, directly responsible for some of the should the central affairs to take place, some should be in charge of local affairs, the central three is too much to bear; cross many central and local governments to provide basic public services and responsibilities overlap, shared matters more; four is the province with the financial powers and expenditure responsibilities are not standardized; five are some financial powers and the division of expenditure on the lack of legal basis, the rule of law, standardized degree is not high. To promote the division of financial responsibility and responsibility between the central and local governments is an important measure to implement the spirit of the third, fourth and fifth plenary session of the party and accelerate the reform of fiscal and taxation, and be included in the eighteen 中央与地方财政事权划分改革启动 “大事权”概念破冰–财经–人民网 人民网北京8月26日电(记者 杨迪) 近日,国务院印发了《关于推进中央与地方财政事权和支出责任划分改革的指导意见》(以下简称《意见》),对推进中央与地方财政事权和支出责任划分改革做出总体部署。 这是国务院第一次比较系统提出从事权和支出责任划分即政府公共权力纵向配置角度推进财税体制改革的重要文件,是当前和今后一个时期科学、合理、规范划分各级政府提供基本公共服务职责的综合性、指导性和纲领性文件。 《意见》提出了哪些改革措施?为什么要从财政事权入手推进事权划分改革?就此,财政部有关负责人接受了记者采访。 五大问题倒逼央地财政事权划分改革 中央与地方事权和支出责任划分是理顺政府间财政关系的前提和基础,是推进国家治理体系和治理能力现代化的重要方面。党的十八届三中、四中、五中全会明确提出了建立事权和支出责任相适应的制度、适度加强中央事权和支出责任、推进各级政府事权规范化、法律化的要求。 从财政事权和支出责任划分的改革历程看,改革开放以来,中央与地方财政关系经历了从高度集中的统收统支到“分灶吃饭”、包干制,再到分税制财政体制的变化,财政事权和支出责任划分逐渐明确,特别是1994年实施的分税制改革,初步构建了中国特色社会主义制度下中央与地方财政事权和支出责任划分的体系框架,为我国建立现代财政制度奠定了良好基础。但受当时以及实施过程中一些客观条件的制约,改革主要是针对中央与地方收入划分,事权和支出责任划分在沿袭已有做法的基础上主要做了一些局部调整。 财政部有关负责人表示,在新的形势下,财政事权和支出责任划分与推进财税改革和国家治理现代化要求相比,越来越不适应。主要表现在:一是政府职能定位不清,一些本可由市场调节或社会提供的事务,财政包揽过多,同时一些本应由政府承担的基本公共服务,财政承担不够;二是中央与地方财政事权和支出责任划分不尽合理,一些本应由中央直接负责的事务交给地方承担,一些宜由地方负责的事务,中央承担过多;三是不少中央和地方提供基本公共服务的职责交叉重叠,共同承担的事项较多;四是省以下财政事权和支出责任划分不尽规范;五是有的财政事权和支出责任划分缺乏法律依据,法治化、规范化程度不高。 推进中央与地方财政事权和支出责任划分,是落实党的十八届三中、四中、五中全会精神、加快财税改革的重要举措,并列入中央全面深化改革的重点任务。《意见》的出台将有力推动此项工作开展。 加强中央、保障地方、减少共管成改革主基调 合理划分中央与地方财政事权和支出责任是政府有效提供基本公共服务的前提和保障,是建立现代财政制度的重要内容。根据《意见》,此次改革的主要内容包括:一是要适度加强中央的财政事权。强化中央的财政事权履行责任,中央的财政事权原则上由中央直接行使。 二是要保障和督促地方履行财政事权。要将直接面向基层、量大面广、与当地居民密切相关、由地方提供更方便有效的基本公共服务作为地方的财政事权。 三是要在现有基础上减少并规范中央与地方共同的财政事权。 四是要建立财政事权划分动态调整机制。 五是对中央和地方的财政事权要分别确定由中央和地方承担支出责任。 六是对中央与地方共同财政事权要区分情况划分支出责任。七是要加快省以下财政事权和支出责任划分改革。 财政部有关负责人介绍,中央与地方财政事权和支出责任划分改革涉及众多领域,是一个系统工程,需要统筹设计,稳步推进。对此,《意见》提出了分领域推进的工作安排:2016年选取国防、外交等领域率先启动财政事权和支出责任划分改革。2017-2018年争取在教育、医疗卫生、环境保护、交通运输等基本公共服务领域取得突破性进展。2019-2020年基本完成主要领域改革,梳理需要上升为法律法规的内容,适时制定修订相关法律、行政法规,研究起草政府间财政关系法,推动形成保障财政事权和支出责任划分科学合理的法律体系。 从财政事权入手破冰中央与地方事权划分改革 政府间事权划分不仅涉及行政权划分,还涉及立法、司法等广义公共服务部门,是“大事权”的概念。我国完善社会主义市场经济制度、加快政府职能转变、推进法治化还需要一个过程,短期内全面推进事权和支出责任划分改革的条件尚不成熟。财政部有关负责人表示,这次改革选择从财政事权入手,主要基于以下几方面考虑: 一是从财政事权划分入手推进改革具备一定的基础。随着我国经济社会发展和财政收入规模扩大,政府提供基本公共服务的能力和保障水平也不断提高,加上政府职能的加快转变,划分中央与地方财政事权的条件已经初步具备。新修订的《预算法》颁布实施,也为推进中央与地方财政事权和支出责任划分改革奠定了法律基础。 二是从财政事权划分入手推进改革可以从根本上破解改革发展面临的诸多紧迫难题。当前,中央与地方收入划分需要进一步理顺、中央对地方专项转移支付需要进一步清理整合、地区间基本公共服务均等化需要大力推进,财政资金的使用效益需要进一步提高,这些都需要以明确政府的财政事权划分并相应界定各级政府的支出责任为前提,从财政事权划分入手推进改革可以起到“牵一发而动全身”的效果。 三是从财政事权划分入手推进改革可以为全面推进事权划分改革奠定基础和创造条件。事权划分改革涉及面广、难度大,不可能一蹴而就,一些成熟市场国家的事权划分经历了数百年的逐步演进。财政事权是政府事权的重要组成部分,从合理划分财政事权入手破冰中央与地方事权划分改革,先局部后整体,既抓住了提供基本公共服务这一政府核心职责,又能够为全面推进事权划分改革积累经验、趟出路子。 财政部有关负责人指出,财政事权和支出责任划分改革涉及政府与市场、政府与社会、中央与地方关系,涉及政治、经济、社会、文化和生态文明各个领域,是一项复杂的系统性基础工程。推进这项改革要与转变政府职能、简政放权、创新管理、优化服务等行政管理体制改革相衔接,要与教育、社保、医疗卫生、国防等各项改革相结合,形成统筹协调、协同共进的全面深化改革新局面。 (责编:杨迪、杨曦)相关的主题文章:

« »

Comments closed.